Process In Operating System

In this topic, you will learn about, Process In Operating System

PROCESS: A process is a program in execution. The execution of a process must progress in a sequential fashion. That is at any time at most one instruction is executed on behalf of the process

A process is more than the program also includes the current activity, as represented by the value of the program counters and the contents of the processes register. A process generally also includes the process stack, containing temporary data (such as subroutine parameters, return addresses, and temporary variables and a data section containing global variables

Process State: As the process executes it changes state. The state of a process is defined in part by the current activity of the process. Each process may be in one of the following states:

  1. New: The process is being a creator.
  2. Running: Instruction is being executed.
  3. Waiting: The process is waiting to be assigned to a processor.
  4. Terminated: The process has finished execution.

Also Read: Differentiate between a program and a process

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